Ramin A. Behmand, MD, FACSDiplomate, American Board of Plastic Surgery Bay Area Rhinoplasty Specialist

Glossary of Terms

  • Alar Base: This area is the lower part of the nose that contains the most width.
  • Ala: Ala is another word for nostril. There are crescent shaped convexities entities that surround the nostril.
  • Bulbous Tip: A wide nasal tip containing large alar cartilage.
  • Bridge: This part of the nose makes up the bony part of the nose.
  • Cartilage: Connective tissue that has a structural function in the nose.
  • Closed Rhinoplasty: This is also referred to as an endonasal rhinoplasty. A closed rhinoplasty avoids a scar because the incisions are placed inside the nose. This technique only works for those who don’t need a large amount of reshaping.
  • Columella: The narrow strip of tissue that separates the nostrils.
  • Deviated septum: Cartilage that separates the nostrils is misaligned which may cause partial nasal airway obstruction and breathing difficulty.
  • Edema: A large amount of fluid or swelling in the area near surgery.
  • Excisional Rhinoplasty: This technique is the typical way in performing a rhinoplasty surgery. There is a cartilage excision in order to alter the shape of the nose.
  • General anesthesia: Drugs and/or gases used during an operation to relieve pain and alter consciousness.
  • Hanging Columella: A cosmetic deformity that contains an overly protruding columella.
  • Hematoma: Blood pooling beneath the skin.
  • Hypertrophic Scar: A raised scar that results due to an injury or surgery.
  • Inverted V-Deformity: A shadow deformity due to extreme narrowing of the middle cartilage.
  • Intravenous sedation: Sedatives administered by injection into a vein to help you relax.
  • Keloid: A wound healing response that results in a buildup of scar tissue.
  • Local anesthesia: A drug injected directly to the site of an incision during an operation to relieve pain.
  • Rhinoplasty: Surgery to reshape the nose.
  • Glabella: This refers to the skin above the nose and between your eyes. The glabella can also be referred to as the bone that joins these two ridges in that particular area.
  • Graft: Healthy tissue or skin that gets transferred and replaced from one part of the body to the other.
  • Inflammation: This is the body’s natural response to injury and surgery. It is a protective response and is usually portrayed through signs of pain, redness, swelling, etc.
  • Middle Vault: This portion of the nose is contained of cartilage. It comprises of the middle third of the nose.
  • Membrane: A sheet-like layer of tissue that lines an area.
  • Nasal Bone: The bone that forms the bridge of the nose.
  • Nasal Cavity: The air filled space on either side of the nasal passages.
  • Nasal Implant: Synthetic material that is used to restore missing tissue.
  • Necrosis: The death of tissue due to a lack of oxygenation.
  • Open Rhinoplasty: A surgical procedure that has a small incision between your nostrils which allows access to the cartilage and bones.
  • Otolaryngology: The study of the ear, nose, and throat.
  • Periorbital: The area surrounding the orbital bone, the eye and the eyelids.
  • Primary Rhinoplasty: First and single surgery to reshape the nose.
  • Revision Rhinoplasty: The revision of a previous nose surgery. This could be a modification of a primary, secondary, or tertiary rhinoplasty.
  • Secondary Rhinoplasty: A modification or correction of a previous nose surgery.
  • Septum: The wall separating the nasal passages. This wall is formed by cartilage or bone.
  • Sinusitis: Inflammation in the sinuses.
  • Splint: An appliance used for immobilizing an area.
  • Spreader Graft: A graft placed between the septum and upper cartilage in order to expand the middle vault and improve equilibrium.
  • Supra Tip: the region of the bridge that is just above the tip.
  • Tertiary Rhinoplasty: The third nose surgery that correct issues from previous surgeries.
  • Tip: The lowest portion of the nose.
  • Tonsils: Lymphoid tissue on both sides of the throat.
  • Trauma: An injury or type of damage that causes a disturbance.
  • Turbinates: Long curled bones, on each side of the nasal cavity, which function to increase surface area in contact with passing air. They help humidify the air passing through the nose.